San Pedro de Atacama is a city located on a high arid plateau in the Cordillera de los Andes of northeastern Chile. Its spectacular surrounding landscape includes desert, salt flats, volcanoes, geysers and hot springs. The Valley of the Moon in the Flamingos National Reserve is a depression similar to the lunar surface with unusual rock formations, a huge sand dune and mountains with pink spots.
The outstanding Gustavo Le Paige Archaeological Museum houses thousands of pre-Columbian artifacts. To the south of the city is the Salar de Atacama of 100 km of extension with multicolored lagoons that reflect the sky and attract Andean flamingos. Within the surrounding volcanic region is the El Tatío geysers field and its active fumaroles, and Baños de Puritama baths, with waterfalls and pools for bathing. Volcanoes such as Licancabúr and Láscar are destinations for hiking and mountain biking. The pre-Inca archaeological sites of the region include the ancient Tulor Village with circular perforations and the Pucará de Quitor fortress.